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CHITRAL HORTICULTURE SOCIETY

Local Practice:

Leaves are collected, dried and ground. The powder is mixed with water or dough and given to the effected animal. Seeds are used as poultry feed during the winter to stimulate and enhance egg production. Oil is extracted from the seed which is given to patients of constipation as a laxative. From the leaves and floral tops "hashish" is made which is used as sedative in cases of scorpion and other insect bites. ln some area bong is cultivated as a narcotic cash crop.

Historical Use:

The Cannabis plant has a history of medicinal use dating back thousands of years across many cultures. Its usage in modern times is controversial, and in recent years the American Medical Association, the MMA, the American Society of Addiction Medicine, and other medical organizations have issued statements opposing its usage for medicinal purposes.

Cannabis has been used to reduce nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy and people with AIDS, and to treat pain and muscle spasticity; its use for other medical applications has been studied, but there is insufficient data for conclusions about safety and efficacy. Short-term use increases minor adverse effects, but does not appear to increase major adverse effects.Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear, and there are safety concerns including memory and cognition problems, risk for dependence and the risk of children taking it by accident.

Medical cannabis can be administered using a variety of methods, including vaporizing or smoking dried buds, eating extracts, taking capsules or using oral sprays. Synthetic cannabinoids are available as prescription drugs in some countries; examples include: dronabinol (available in the United States (US) and Canada) and nabilone (available in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom (UK), and the US). Recreational use of cannabis is illegal in most parts of the world, but the medical use of cannabis is legal in certain countries, including Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. In the US, federal law outlaws all cannabis use, while 20 states and the District of Columbia no longer prosecute individuals merely for the possession or sale of marijuana, as long as the individuals are in compliance with the state's marijuana sale regulations. 

Local Name Bong
Botanical Name Cannabis sativa
Part used Leaves floral buds and seed
Locally used for Abdominal swelling/bloating (Dimbik) in animals, especially cows and bulls and as a poultry feed. Also as a laxative and sedative for humans.